WWW.BOOK.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Books, abstracts, thesis
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS

«ARIZONA GAME AND FISH DEPARTMENT HERITAGE DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Plant Abstract Element Code: PDFAB1A1K0 Data Sensitivity: No CLASSIFICATION, ...»

ARIZONA GAME AND FISH DEPARTMENT

HERITAGE DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Plant

Abstract

Element Code: PDFAB1A1K0

Data Sensitivity: No

CLASSIFICATION, NOMENCLATURE, DESCRIPTION, RANGE

NAME: Dalea tentaculoides Gentry

COMMON NAME: Gentry Indigo Bush

SYNONYMS:

FAMILY: Fabaceae AUTHOR, PLACE OF PUBLICATION: Gentry, H. S. 1950. Madroño 10:238.

TYPE LOCALITY: Arizona: Santa Cruz County: Pajarito Mountains: Sycamore Canyon.

TYPE SPECIMEN: ARIZ 30239. R.A. Darrow. 09 May 1941.

TAXONOMIC UNIQUENESS: Kearney et al. (1960) list 36 species of Dalea in Arizona.

However, the taxonomy is unclear. "Dalea tentaculoides is a distinctive member of the genus, with no closely related species" (Toolin, 1982).

A distinct, recently described species in a genus of 250-300 species in the warmer parts of the Americas (NatureServe 2001).

DESCRIPTION: Shrubby, erect, perennial shrub (has been referred to as perennial herb), growing from woody root crown, up to 2.0 m (6.6 ft.) high but usually less; up to 1 m (3.28 ft) tall. Numerous hairless stems in older plants, 30.0-50.0 cm (12.0-20.0 in.) tall. Stems branch from near base, covered with pustulate tubercles. Young branches are green, turn brown with age. Compound leaves 3.0-6.0 cm (1.2-2.4 in.) long with 9-17 pairs of leaflets, upper leaves smaller with 3-8 pairs of leaflets; Hairless leaflets, midribs not obvious, notched at tips, dotted with small punctate glands below (Gori). Flowers sessile 6.0 mm (0.24 in.) long, bracts persistent, 3.0-5.0 mm wide. Inflorescences spiked, flowers sessile (6 mm), borne in oblong clusters, petals rose-purple, borne above middle of stamen tube. Sepals, floral bracts, and branches bear elongate, tentacle-like glands. Seeds 1.5 mm long.

AIDS TO IDENTIFICATION: Only Dalea with elongate, tentacle-like glands on calyx and floral bract. Easily confused with, and misidentified as, D. versicolor and D. greggii. D.

pulchra has grey-green hair covered leaflets. Each leaf has 2-4 pairs of leaflets, and inflorescence is sphere. D. sessilis and D. versicolor (Now [1994] D. versicolor sessilis) are spring blooming, 4-9 pairs of curved (smaller than D. tentaculoides)), leaflets per leaf. D.

versicolor has blister glands on calyx.

AGFD Plant Abstract -2- Dalea tentaculoides

ILLUSTRATIONS:

Line drawing (Barneby 1977:835) Line drawing (USDI, FWS) Color drawing (http://www.pima.gov/cmo/sdcp/ ) TOTAL RANGE: Southern Arizona, and one site in Mexico.

RANGE WITHIN ARIZONA: Santa Cruz County: Sycamore Canyon drainage in Atascosa and Pajarito Mountains; Pima County: Baboquivari Mountains (in the 1930s), 1965 location in Mendoza Canyon.

SPECIES BIOLOGY AND POPULATION TRENDS

GROWTH FORM: Herbaceous perennial shrub.

PHENOLOGY: May be bifloral, flowering April-June, and possibly again in SeptemberOctober, following winter and summer rains. Flowers smaller at second flowering, looking more like globe.

BIOLOGY: Plants grow back vigorously (resprout) when buried by flooding; multiple stems arising from under ground make it difficult to determine number of individuals. Largest plants in 1991 were found in the lee of obstructions (boulders, trees), protecting plants from severe flooding effects. Largest clumps in Sycamore Canyon on lee side of trees and boulders. Plants survived severe flooding in 1990.

HABITAT: Found along canyon bottom on cobble terraces subject to occasional flooding.

Historic collection records indicate possible growth on rocky hillsides. Occurs in disturbance prone environments.

–  –  –

SUBSTRATE: Sandy, gravelly loam of rhyolite parent material.

PLANT COMMUNITY: Oak-juniper woodland and Madrean Evergreen Woodland.

Associated species include: Platanus wrightii, Fraxinus velutina, Juglans major and Quercus spp.

POPULATION TRENDS: In Sycamore Canyon (1981), only one population of over 100 plants found. In 1989, problems with fence maintenance of Goodding Research Natural Area allowed extensive livestock utilization of Sycamore Canyon population (1990). Fence was repaired and the population improved; between 1990 and 1991, population increased from AGFD Plant Abstract -3- Dalea tentaculoides 1291 to 1389 individuals. Study plot, however, showed higher mortality than recruitment, with population dropping from 148 to 118. Despite drop, mortality very low for larger size classes; significant growth of last year's individuals. Hence, number of large individuals nearly quadrupled. Number of inflorescences produced increased greatly (Malusa et al.

1992). In early 1993, severe flooding occurred. When plot was surveyed in June, 1993, 20individuals observed although many were completely covered by sand (Falk and Warren 1994).

Species not found in Mendoza Canyon (Gori 1994), although 1965 specimen from that location has detailed locality information.

Specimen of Dalea from Kitt Peak, Quinlan Mountains (see Toolin 1986) determined NOT to be Dalea tentaculoides by The Nature Conservancy in 1990.

Population size varies year to year (impacts from trespassing cattle and flooding, 1990). Can rebound rapidly by root sprouting. Plants grows along flood plains along streams, and thus are subject to being “scoured out” by seasonal flooding (DBG 1999).





Current status and trend of population is unknown.

–  –  –

MANAGEMENT FACTORS: Major threats include seasonal flooding, limited range, habitat degradation due to grazing by livestock, consumption by livestock, and trampling by people and livestock. Fence maintenance needed to be maintained to protect populations.

AGFD Plant Abstract -4- Dalea tentaculoides

–  –  –

SUGGESTED PROJECTS: Seed collection needed for future reintroduction, along with additional surveys (particularly east side of Baboquivaris) to determine potential habitat.

Monitoring of whole drainage (Sycamore Canyon population) needed to better understand plant's adaptation to disturbance.

LAND MANAGEMENT/OWNERSHIP: USFS - Coronado National Forest; BIA - Tohono O'odham Nation.

SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION

REFERENCES:

Arizona Revised Statutes, Chapter 7. 1993. Arizona Native Plant Law. Appendix A:2.

Arizona Revised Statutes, Chapter 7. 1999. Arizona Native Plant Law. Appendix A:2.

Arizona Revised Statutes, Chapter 7. Arizona Native Plant Law. Accessed 2011, AZDA.

http://www.azda.gov/ESD/protplants.htm.

Barneby, R.C. 1977. Daleae imagines. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden. 27:467Desert Botanical Garden (DBG). 1999. Dalea tentaculoides (Gentry Indigo Bush), Papilionaceae. http://www.dbg.org/collections/dalea_tentaculoides.html.

Falk, D.A. and P.L. Warren. 1994. Rare plants of the Coronado National Forest: population studies and monitoring recommendations pp: 49, 145-146.

Falk, E. 1999 draft. Dalea tentaculoides (Gentry Indigo Bush), Fabaceae. Draft abstract from Arizona Rare Plant Book, in prep.

Gentry, H.S. 1950. Studies in the genus Dalea. Madroño 10:225-250.

Gori, D., J. Malusa, P.L. Warren and E.S. Monarque (TNC). 1991. Population studies of sensitive plants of the Huachuca, Patagonia and Atascosa Mountains, Arizona.

Kearney, T.H., R.H. Peebles with collaborators. 1960. Arizona flora. Second edition with supplement by J.T. Howell, E. McClintock and collaborators. University of California Press. Berkeley. pp.432-439.

Malusa, J., D.F. Gori, P.L. Warren and E.S. Monarque (TNC). 1992. Population studies of sensitive plants of the Coronado National Forest, Arizona.

NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. 2001. Version 1.6.

Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe. Available: http://www.natureserve.org/explorer.

(Accessed: December 12, 2001).

Toolin, L.J., T.R. Van Devender and J.M. Kaiser. 1979. The flora of Sycamore Canyon, Pajarito Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Journal of the Arizona Academy of Science. 14:66-74.

Toolin, L.J. 1982. Status Report Dalea tentaculoides Gentry. Report prepared for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

AGFD Plant Abstract -5- Dalea tentaculoides

Toolin, L.J. 1986. Notes on rare U.S. Plants from Arizona, I: Including a Talinum (Portulacaceae) new to the U.S. Phytologia 60(4):237-242.

USDA, Forest Service Region 3. 1990. Regional Forester's Sensitive Species List.

USDA, Forest Service Region 3. 1999. Regional Forester's Sensitive Species List.

USDA, Forest Service Region 3. 2007. Regional Forester’s List of Sensitive Plants.

USDI, Bureau of Land Management. 2000. Arizona BLM Sensitive Species List. Instruction Memorandum No. AZ-2000-018.

USDI, Bureau of Land Management. 2005. Arizona BLM Sensitive Species List.

USDI, Bureau of Land management Region 2. 2008. Arizona BLM Sensitive Species List.

USDI, Bureau of Land management Region 2. 2010. Arizona BLM Sensitive Species List.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1975. Threatened or Endangered Fauna or Flora. Federal Register 40(127):27829.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1980. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;

Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species. Federal Register 45(242):82503.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1985. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;

Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species. Notice of Review. Federal Register 50(188):00017.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1990. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;

Review of Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; Notice of Review. Federal Register 55(35):6200.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1993. Plant Taxa for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; Notice of Review. Federal Register 58(188):51160.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants:

Review of Plant and Animal Taxa that are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened Species; Notice of Review; Proposed Rule. Federal Register 61(40):7604.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1997. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;

Review of Plant and Animal Taxa that are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened, Annual Notice of Findings on Recycled Petitions, and Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Notice of Review; Proposed Rule. Federal Register 62(182):49406.

USDI, Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants;

Notice of Reclassification of Four Candidate Taxa: Pediocactus paradinei (Kaibab Plains Cactus), Castilleja elongata (Tall Paintbrush), Dalea tentaculoides (Gentry’s Indiogobush), and Astragalus oophorus var. clokeyanus (Clokey’s Eggvetch); Notice of Review; Proposed Rule. Federal Register 63(63):16217-16218.

MAJOR KNOWLEDGEABLE INDIVIDUALS:

Mima Falk - Botanist, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Tucson, Arizona Dave Gori - The Nature Conservancy, Tucson, Arizona Jack Kaiser - Retired (USDA), Nogales, Arizona Jim Malusa – The Nature Conservancy, Tucson, Arizona Peter Warren - Tucson, Arizona

AGFD Plant Abstract -6- Dalea tentaculoides

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

–  –  –

To the user of this abstract: you may use the entire abstract or any part of it. We do request, however, that if you make use of this abstract in plans, reports, publications, etc. that you credit

the Arizona Game and Fish Department. Please use the following citation:

Arizona Game and Fish Department. 20XX (= year of last revision as indicated at end of abstract). X...X (= taxon of animal or plant). Unpublished abstract compiled and edited by the Heritage Data Management System, Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, AZ. X pp.

Comparison of D. tentaculoides, D. pulchra and D. versicolor ssp. sessilis (All have same growth form)

–  –  –





Similar works:

«Philippe Lagacé‐Wiens MD, DTM&H, FRCPC Accepted honoraria from Bayer. Travel grants from Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics  and Sanofi‐Pasteur.  Owns shares in Astra Zeneca as part of a diversified  portfolio. None are relevant to the content of this presentation. Name 3 common dermatological complaints and 3  serious dermatological complaints Describe the cutaneous presentation, diagnosis and ...»

«Lepr Rev (2008) 79, 410– 415 Can leprosy be eradicated with chemotherapy? An evaluation of the Malta Leprosy Eradication Project ROBERT R. JACOBSON* & PAUL GATT** *P.O. Box 1669, Woodstock, GA 30188, U.S.A **Department of Dermatology, Boffa Hospital, Floriana, Malta Accepted for publication 30 October 2008 Summary The Malta Leprosy Eradication Project (MLEP) was proposed in 1971 by Freerksen with the aim of eradicating leprosy in Malta. The project involved re-treatment of all known cases in...»

«Berliner U-Bahn für Trainz Railroad Simulator 2004 (SP2) Berlin Subway for Trainz Railroad Simulator 2004 (SP2) Version 2.0 Inhalt / Contents INHALT FOR USERS DON’T SPEAKING GERMAN: HINWEIS FÜR SEHR EILIGE: HINWEIS FÜR „UMSTEIGER“ AUS VERSION 1.0 EINLEITUNG: FEATURES: BEKANNTE PROBLEME/FEHLER INSTALLATION EINSTELLUNGEN – VOR DEM LOSFAHREN. ÜBERSICHT TASTENKOMBINATIONEN TUTORIAL SIGNALE HAUPTUND VORANKÜNDIGUNGSSIGNALE WEITERE SIGNALE DIE ZÜGE ÜBERSICHT: GRUNDLAGEN DER ANFAHRUND...»

«Pleasure Upon Pleasure It promises retail like a court whether you are to get global workforce. The participation is to download many with your signs to need cat at a unprofessional strong website fulfillment. The archived necessary mobi suggests declared that the day commitment premiums, the is who you use and where you check your investment. Not be down this team beauty to benefit a improvement if their situation if your staff in you are you account. In card, easily standard juncture income...»

«Detection number of bipartite graphs and cubic graphs Frederic Havet, Nagarajan Paramaguru, Rathinaswamy Sampathkumar To cite this version: Frederic Havet, Nagarajan Paramaguru, Rathinaswamy Sampathkumar. Detection number of bipartite graphs and cubic graphs. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, DMTCS, 2014, 16 (3), pp.333-342. hal-01110978 HAL Id: hal-01110978 https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01110978 Submitted on 4 Nov 2015 HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access L’archive ouverte...»

«For Immediate Release 11 June 2012 Contact: Stephanie Manstein, T +44 20 7389 2962, smanstein@christies.com Cristiano de Lorenzo, T +44 20 7389 2283, cdelorenzo@christies.com A KIND OF BLUE THE SIGGI AND SISSY LOCH COLLECTION A MAGNIFICENT POST-WAR AND CONTEMPORARY ART COLLECTION OF RENOWNED MUSIC PRODUCER SIGGI LOCH LED BY MAJOR WORKS DEDICATED TO THE COLOUR BLUE BY YVES KLEIN, GERHARD RICHTER, GEORG BASELITZ AND SIGMAR POLKE SOLD TO BENEFIT THE SIGGI & SISSY LOCH CHARITABLE FOUNDATION “Blue...»

«Stand: März 2013 Spitzensportförderung in der Bundeswehr -BasisinformationIn der Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist die Hochleistungsbzw. Spitzensportförderung von öffentlichem und nationalem Interesse. So hat der Deutsche Bundestag u. a. auf der Grundlage einer entsprechenden Beschlussempfehlung des Sportausschusses des Deutschen Bundestages (Drucksache 16/13058) in seiner 230. Sitzung am 2. Juli 2009 die Bundesregierung u.a. aufgefordert • darauf hinzuwirken, dass alle staatlichen Stellen...»

«Journal of Sustainability Education Vol. 7, December 2014 ISSN: 2151-7452 Privilege as Practice: A Framework for Engaging with Sustainability, Diversity, Privilege, and Power Matthew Kolan University of Vermont Kaylynn Sullivan TwoTrees University of Vermont Abstract: This paper explores the intrinsic but often weakly developed links between sustainability and issues of diversity, power, and privilege. It offers a systems-oriented conceptual framework for exploring and understanding how issues...»

«NATIONAL CENTER for ANALYSIS of LONGITUDINAL DATA in EDUCATION RESEARCH TRACKING EVERY STUDENT’S LEARNING EVERY YEAR A program of research by the American Institutes for Research with Duke University, Northwestern University, Stanford University, University of Missouri-Columbia, University of Texas at Dallas, and University of Washington Color-Blind Affirmative Action and Student Quality K AT E A N T O N O V I C S AND BEN BACKES W O R K I N G PA P E R 9 3 • FEBRUARY 2013 Color-Blind...»

«A GUIDE TO RETIREMENT ANNUITY TRUST SCHEMES (“RATS”) IN GUERNSEY TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION WHAT IS A RETIREMENT ANNUITY TRUST SCHEME? THE TRUSTEES APPROVAL TRANSFERS FROM OTHER OCCUPATIONAL OR PERSONAL PENSIONS. 5 INVESTMENT FEES AND COMMISSIONS LOANS TO MEMBERS CONTRIBUTION LIMITS, TAX RELIEF AND SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS – PENSION AND LUMP SUM PAYMENT DEATH OF THE MEMBER IF THE MEMBER LEAVES GUERNSEY ACCOUNTS CONTACT FOR FURTHER INFORMATION Page 2 INTRODUCTION A Retirement Annuity...»

«19/2006 Discussion Paper Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Gesamtkontext der DeutschBrasilianischen Kooperation: eine Portfolioanalyse Andreas Stamm Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Gesamtkontext der Deutsch-Brasilianischen Kooperation: eine Portfolioanalyse Andreas Stamm Bonn 2006 Discussion Paper / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik ISSN 1860-0441 Stamm, Andreas: Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Gesamtkontext der Deutsch-Brasilianischen Kooperation : eine Portfolioanalyse / Andreas Stamm. –...»

«CITY OF O A K L A N D,, L AGENDA REPORT '^ V GwOCT | i, AH II: 31 TO: Public Safety Committee FROM: Eugene Weaver, Legislative Analyst to Council DATE: October 12, 2004 RE: AN ORDINANCE ADDING CHAPTER 10.28. TO TITLE 10, VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC, OF THE OAKLAND MUNICIPAL CODE, REGULATING THE PARKING OF BUSES, CAMPERS, CAMP TRAILERS, SEMITRAILERS, TRAILERS, TRAILER COACHES, TRAILER BUSES, FIFTH-WHEEL TRAVEL TRAILERS, FACTORYBUILT HOUSING, HOUSE CARS, MOBILEHOMES, MOTORHOMES, RECREATIONAL VEHICLES...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.book.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Books, abstracts, thesis

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.